Please answer the following questions exactly how they are outlined below.THIS IS NOT A ESSAY. SIMPLY RESPOND TO EACH QUESTION INDIVIDUALLY. 1)Identify and explain two environmental factors that can affect prenatal development. Support your claims regarding environmental factors and their effects on prenatal development.2)Development during infancy can have a long-lasting effect on an individual. Identify one physical and one cognitive milestone of children from birth to 12 months old. How can caretakers provide support to ensure infants reach these milestones?3)Drawing on your topic readings, explain Vygotsky’s zone of proximal development and how it relates to instruction in the early childhood classroom. Provide an example of the zone of proximal development relevant to early childhood education.4)Two key elements of Piaget’s view on child development are the concepts of object permanence and egocentrism. Describe these terms. Provide classroom-based examples of how you can support a young child to learn object permanence and to move beyond egocentrism.5) Behaviorism is applied in various fields to support behavior management, but is controversial in certain contexts and communities. In what ways is behaviorism helpful or beneficial to early childhood teachers and students? In what ways is behaviorism not helpful or beneficial to early childhood teachers and students?6)Imagine the following scenario. A school where you are employed uses very specific behavior management strategies with which you do not agree (for instance, asking a child to stand in the corner and face the wall for an extended period of time for speaking out of turn). What might you do in this situation? How might you handle this situation with students, parents, and the administration/staff? What theories/research support how you address this situation?7)Metacognition, or thinking about one’s thinking, is an important step for young children because it encourages self-awareness and resiliency, but it typically must be taught. Identify three ways you can teach a young child to engage in metacognition. Cite any sources used.8) Teaching young children problem-solving skills can improve socially competent behavior, and reduce or resolve disagreements. Provide two classroom-based examples of how you can teach social problem-solving skills to young children.9)Examine the NAEYC Standards for Initial Early Childhood Professional Preparation Programs. These are professional standards of practice used in early childhood programs at GCU. Identify one standard you believe you have integrated well into your professional identity and explain why you believe this to be true. Identify one standard with which you feel you need more experience or practice and explain why.10) Your assignment in this topic asks you to advocate for the needs of early childhood students. What does it mean to advocate for your students? How might you become an advocate for the young children in your classroom? What is the role of family in advocacy?11)Why has play as an instructional strategy provided to young learners diminished in recent years? What social, behavioral, or academic issues have arisen because of the loss of play in classrooms, schools, and other early childhood learning environments12) Imagine that one of your student’s parents expresses concern about too much time being spent on play in the classroom. How would you respond?