PLEASE ANSWER EACH QUESTION SEPARATE AND PLEASE FOLLOW INSTRUCTIONS AND WRITE IN GREAT DETAIL1. Write a post(250 WORDS) about how recreation has and still to this day impacts your lives. Include what types of recreation you were involved in growing up and how that has helped to make you who you are. List some of the benefits you see with recreation. 2. Passive vs. Active RecreationResearch and define passive and active recreation. Give at least 3 examples of each and give your opinion on which one is more important in today’s society. Also include what types of active and passive recreation you participate in.3. Read the article “Why We Need More Play”(ATTACHED DOCUMENT) and type a 1 page summary on the article. In addition to the article summary include your opinion on how society has changed over the years regarding the importance of play. Why the decrease in emphasis on play for children and adults?4. Write a 5 page paper that compares and contrasts 3 separate professional jobs in the Recreation and Parks industry. Research different opportunities that exist in the Recreation and Parks world and select 3 areas that you want to focus on. Your paper should have the following included:Cover Page (not included in the 5 pages)Introduction – Include 3 areas you are focusing on.Body – Include comparisons of the 3 areas. Highlight the positives and negatives you see in each position.Conclusion – Start by briefly outlining your vision for your first job and then discuss if it changed based on your paper/research. Finally, give a personal opinion as to what position you liked the most.Paper should be APA format
why_we_need_more_play.docx

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Why We Need More Play,
Recreation, and Leisure in Our
Lives
By
Chris Hazell
July 2, 2018
1502
The author Stuart Brown, M.D., details the intriguing encounter between
a twelve-hundred-pound Polar Bear and a Canadian Eskimo sled dog in
the book Play: How It Shapes the Brain, Opens the Imagination, and
Invigorates the Soul. The dog, staked near a camp, suddenly spots a polar
bear approaching. It’s November, and since the sea is not yet frozen,
bears haven’t been able to hunt for seals. In other words, this particular
bear is starving. The bear continues toward the dog, seemingly sizing up
its next meal. But something strange and unexpected happens. The dog,
obviously outmatched by a long shot, bows its head and begins wagging
its tail. The bear then approaches the dog in a loping manner, and a
moment later the two of them are wrestling with each other. An
acrobatic dance of sorts commences in the snow, the two softly nipping
at each other and pulling on each other’s fur. After about 15 minutes, the
bear departs, seemingly uplifted by the friendly and playful encounter,
even if still emaciated and hungry.
The bear could have easily devoured the dog to satisfy its pangs of hunger, yet there was
another, more powerful impulse that it acted on, a desire that was greater than its own
survival.
It was the desire to play.
Play is a common activity among many animals, especially mammals with high cognitive
abilities such as canines, felines, dolphins, primates, and, of course, human beings. Playing
is built into our very nature. While this may not be a revelatory finding, and even though
most of us would admit there is something inherently good and nourishing about play and
recreation, many of our behaviors indicate otherwise. Children today play much less than
children did only a few decades ago, mostly because of the heightened importance placed on
achievement and the preparation for adulthood. And for adults, play and recreation has
given way increasingly to societal pressures to to be ever more productive. We may admit
that time spent in play and recreation is important, but most of us feel it’s also superfluous,
perhaps even unessential to our lives.
However, it turns out play, recreation, and leisure are necessary for a full and flourishing life
for a host of reasons. Beyond the physical and mental benefits — and there are many!
PLAY, LEISURE, AND RECREATION
When we think of play as adults, unless we are referring to participation in an organized
sport or performance, we don’t normally use the term play. There is a specific type of play
that children engage in that adults don’t. There are certain social and psychological
developmental reasons why play is particularly important for children. However, if we
widen our definition of play to include what we would consider recreational or leisurely
activity, then we see that human beings continue to play their entire lives. In his book,
Brown defines play as having the following properties: “apparently purposeless activity
(done for its own sake), voluntary, inherent attraction, freedom from time, diminished
consciousness of self, improvisational potential, and continuation desire.”
With this in mind, much of the activities we do can be seen as play: from playing an
instrument to writing poetry to watching a movie to making jokes to dancing at a party. In
fact, the arts themselves — music, film, literature — are a complex and highly developed
form of play. This doesn’t mean art can’t also have other purposes — such as being morally
or culturally illuminating — but that at our core we create and engage art because, in some
sense, it’s fun.
With this in mind, much of the activities we do can be
seen as play: from playing an instrument to writing
poetry to watching a movie to making jokes to dancing at
a party.
We don’t need to be told about the value and necessity of work. Yes, work is necessary, and
in order to put bread on the table and a roof over our heads we admit that we must work.
It’s one of the first questions we ask our children: what do you want to be when you grow
up? And while we don’t necessarily expect them to have an answer — or end up doing what
they say they will — we’re already priming them to think about work. On the other hand,
play, recreation, and leisure are seen as ancillary — things we can do without if we had to.
However, similar to a lack of play in children, a lack of recreation can have grave
consequences for adults.
Max Butterfield, Ph.D., PLNU professor of psychology, pointed to the role of recreation in
rejuvenating us and calming us down.
“We often find ourselves very stressed all the time, and so our cortisol levels are way up,”
Butterfield said. “This has negative downstream consequences.”
Increased and prolonged cortisol levels can lead to lack of sleep, digestive problems,
headaches, lack of energy, and even high blood pressure and heart disease.
“For most people, the only way to de-stress is to have some form of leisure activity,”
Butterfield explained, citing that it has been proven that recreation can calm us down and
make us more healthy. “Without leisure built into our everyday lives, we’re always going to
be fighting this losing battle against cortisol.”
Brown comes to a similar conclusion about the health benefits of play, writing that “many
studies have demonstrated that people who continue to play games, who continue to explore
and learn throughout life, are not only much less prone to dementia and other neurological
problems, but are also less likely to get heart disease and other afflictions that seem like they
have nothing to do with the brain.”
There is actually a term in Japanese, “karōshi,” which translates literally to “overwork
death.” People in Japan, South Korea, and China have died due to stress-induced heart
attacks and strokes from extreme work without rest or recreation. Ultimately, a complete
absence of play, recreation, and leisure can even be fatal.

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