a case about convention of law of the sealook at the case and answer the question
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Among the states most vulnerable to global climate change and, in particular, sea level rise, are the
world’s small island developing nations. In recent years, Tuvalu, Kiribati and The Marshall Islands each
passed legislation that removes reference to the low tide line as the baseline for measuring maritime
zones and replaces it with a system of fixed geographic coordinates. The legislative changes have not
been accompanied by public explanations. Nonetheless, some observers have read them as attempts to
permanently fix the baselines from which maritime zones, such as the territorial sea and exclusive
economic zone (EEZ), are measured. Under international law, the normal baseline is the low tide line
along a state’s coast, so that a baseline changes when the coastline changes. In turn, islands are
naturally formed areas of land, surrounded by water, and above water at high tide.
Assume that you are members of the policy staff of the Canadian Minister of Global Affairs. Assume
further that the Minister became aware of the baseline legislation during recent conversations with
some of her counterparts. She now asks for a briefing note that addresses the following question:

What are the potential legal and policy implications of the three states’ legislative changes,
including in particular any implications for Canada?

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