1.References: (see attachment for all document)Wlezien, Christopher. “Public Opinion and Policy Representation: On Conceptualization, Measurement, and Interpretation.”Policy Studies Journal, vol. 45, no. 4, 2016, pp. 561–582., doi:10.1111/psj.12190.Carballo, Marita; López-Escobar, Esteban. Communication & Society. 2018, Vol. 31 Issue 4, p121-134. 14p. DOI: 10.15581/003.31.4.121-134.Cai, Guoray, et al. “Public Opinion Formation for Democratic Decision-Making in Local Governments.” Information Polity, vol. 22, no. 2-3, 2017, pp. 73–99., doi:10.3233/ip-170409.Rowbottom, Jacob. “Government Speech and Public Opinion: Democracy by the Bootstraps.” Journal of Political Philosophy, vol. 25, no. 1, 2016, pp. 22–47., doi:10.1111/jopp.12101.Shomer, Yael, et al. “Intra-Party Politics and Public Opinion: How Candidate Selection Processes Affect Citizens’ Satisfaction with Democracy.” Political Behavior, vol. 38, no. 3, 2015, pp. 509–534., doi:10.1007/s11109-015-9324-6.Michael B. MacKuen,Robert S. Erikson和James A. Stimson。1989.“Macropartisanship。” American Political Science Review 83(4):1125-1142。2. You need to provide me with a rough draft of about two pages as a reference for peer review on this Sunday (3/17). With this rough draft, you need to create and write roughly three references about the “They say” section mentioned above.3. Your research paper should be written in MLA font, double-spaced, 1-inch margins, and author-date style. You are required to cite at least twice from class readings (https://cnx.org/contents/W8wOWXNF@18.14:SjdU64Og@7…) and include a bibliography of at least six varied academic sources. Your six sources may not include webpages, and each source must be cited within the text of the paper. The length of the paper should be between 2,000-2,500 words (not including a title page or references page). This is a research paper and as such, you should identify a clear and focused research question. The thesis statement should be a direct answer to the research question as espoused from the research conducted. You may utilize both qualitative and or quantitative methods of inquiry. You could conduct a longitudinal analysis, comparative analysis, or case study analysis. Your paper should follow the introduction, body, and conclusion style. I do not want you to simply regurgitate what you have read in class. You need to demonstrate that you can utilize the lens’ presented in class, synthesize information and present an insightful argument or observation about your topic in a meaningful way. NO WEBPAGES, NO BULLET POINTS. Term paper will be analyzed using anti-plagiarism software. Example Outline:IntroductionTopic sentence that captures attentionWhy the topic is importantClear focused research questionMethodsThesis StatementBodySummary of “They Say”Main claim w/supporting citationsMain claim w/ supporting citationsAnalysis data and analysis”I Say”Main conclusions drawn from your analysisConclusionSummarize findingsRestate thesisIdentify limitations to the researchIdentify possible avenues for future researchYou may review this term paper example. Please do not copy it. ()链接到外部网站。
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Running head: HOW PUBLIC OPINION AFFECTS POLITICS?
How Public Opinion Affects Politics?
Institution Affiliation
Date
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HOW PUBLIC OPINION AFFECTS POLITICS?
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How Public Opinion Affects Politics?
The public opinion refers to prevalent views among the people. It comprises of the desires,
the wants as well as the reasoning. However, this opinion can be swayed from time to time by
public associations and also the political media. The media is able to reach people and change their
opinion. Public opinion affects the politics mainly through policies and election. Public opinion is
a big representation of democracy through its impact on policies and elections. The government
uses public opinions to guide them in public information and policy formation.
Policy planners normally have public opinion in the process of policy formulation. This
means that the public weighs in on what they think about a certain policy. This helps the policy
makers to come up with a policy that is all rounded and it also promotes democracy. The public
concerns and preferences are normally put into consideration. For instance, the public opinion has
not been in the support of the American foreign policy (Erikson and Tedin, 2015) The public are
not in support since they have not been involved in the policy-making process. The public is not
enlightened about the policy.
When it comes to elections; people have the right to vote for a candidate whom they want.
Elections are a big part of politics since after this the government is formed. The candidate with
most votes is the one that wins the elections meaning that he or she is most favored by public
opinion. There is no doubt that public opinion is very important. This can be seen in the amounts
of time as well as efforts that politicians, political scientists, and journalist spend trying to know
what the public is thinking.
HOW PUBLIC OPINION AFFECTS POLITICS?
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Reference
Erikson, R. S., & Tedin, K. L. (2015). American public opinion: Its origins, content and impact.
Routledge.

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