2-4 page written report. 600 – 1200 words. Please do not use science jargon – should be understood by all audiences.Please cite sources in MLA format and include in-text citations.The essay should discuss the following (please see the attached grading rubric):Discuss the parameters that influence gases in solution.Explain how nitrogen behaves when a scuba diver dives to great depths, and the consequences this can cause. Explain various solutions to the problems caused by nitrogen gas in solution at depths.Explain what liquid breathing is and how it works.Discuss the progress of liquid breathing technology. (Is it real or science fiction?) Discuss the potential applications in medicine (give specific examples).Discuss the potential applications of liquid breathing in scuba diving. (Is it real or science fiction?) How might it solve current problems? What are its disadvantages?For more information, please see the attached video or contact me.
honors_project_citation_guidelines.doc

vhs_chem_s2_10_01_honors_grading_rubric.doc

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Honors Research Projects
In-Text Citations
Include a citation for every piece of information that is not common knowledge. Also include
a citation every time you quote or closely paraphrase an author’s words.
The in-text citation goes at the end of the sentence containing the source information. The
citation belongs in parentheses. Provide only the author’s last name and the page number
or numbers. Do not put a comma between the author’s name and the page number. Books
and magazine articles use the same author-page form:
(Curry 19)
If the author’s name is not known, your citation should give the title of the work and the
page number. Put the title of an article in quotation marks:
(“Free or Not, They Made a Contribution” 22)
For entries in encyclopedias or dictionaries, you do not have to give the page number
because those reference books list entries in alphabetical order. Give the title of the entry.
For example, if you cite the “Douglass, Frederick” entry in Encyclopedia Britannica, write the
in-text citation as follows:
(“Douglass, Frederick”)
For websites, simply give the author’s name without the page number. If a website does not
give the author’s name, cite the title of the site. Use italics if you are citing an entire website
and quotation marks if you are citing a specific page within a website:
(Curry)
(Africans in America)
(“People and Events”)
In-text citations may sound complicated, but they are actually simple. The rules boil down
to one general principle: Give the author’s name and the page number, if possible. If the
author’s name is not available, give the title.
The Works Cited Page
When writing a paper, the Works Cited list may begin on the last page of your text or on a
separate page. This list includes all of the works you actually cited. If you read and took
notes on a source but did not include it in your paper, do not include it on your Works Cited
page.
On the Works Cited page, present all of the entries in a single alphabetized list regardless of
type. Books, articles, websites, and other types of sources all make up the one list. Entries
that begin with the author’s name and entries that begin with the title are all alphabetized
together.
If a citation contains more than one line, indent all lines after the first one.
Book
A citation for a book includes the following information, in this order, with this punctuation:
Author’s Last Name, Author’s First Name. Title of Book. City: Publisher, Publication Year.
Curry, Leonard P. The Free Black in Urban America, 1800–1850. Chicago: U of Chicago P,
1981.
Article
A citation for an article includes the following information, in this order, with this
punctuation:
Author’s Last Name, Author’s First Name. “Title of Article.” Name of Periodical Day Month
Year: Pages.
Barstow, Emma. “How Free Blacks Lived.” American Past 6 July 2008: 32–35.
Note: There is no period after the name of the periodical.
Encyclopedia
A citation for an entry in an encyclopedia or dictionary includes the following information,
in this order, with this punctuation:
Author’s Last and First Name (if available). “Title of Article.” Name of Reference Work.
Edition. Publication Year.
“Slavery.” The Columbia Encyclopedia. 5th ed. 1993.
Website
A citation for a website includes the following information in this order, with this
punctuation:
Author’s Last and First Name. “Title of Page.” Name of Entire Website. Day Month Year of
creation or most recent update of website. Publisher or Sponsor Information. Day Month
Year you accessed the website .
Tyson, Peter. “Living at Extremes.” NOVA Online Adventure: Into the Abyss. 2000. WGBH
Educational Foundation. 15 Jan. 2007
.
At times, not all possible information is available; for example, the name of the author of an
article or Web page may be missing. In such cases, you omit that part of the citation. For
more information, refer to the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, Sixth
Edition, by Joseph Gibaldi. You can also find good summaries of citation form on several
websites, such as the following:
The Owl at Purdue, http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/557/01/
Duke University Libraries, http://library.duke.edu/research/citing/
MLA Citation Style, Cornell University,
http://www.library.cornell.edu/newhelp/res_strategy/citing/mla.html
Graded Assignment
SCI304B: Honors Chemistry | Unit 10 | Lesson 1: Liquid Breathing
Grading Rubric
Honors Project 1: Liquid Breathing
Your teacher will use this grading rubric to evaluate your project.
Criteria
15 Points
12–14 Points
8–11 Points
4–7 Points
1–3 Points
Discuss the
parameters that
influence gases in
solution.
Student includes a thorough discussion of the
effects of pressure and temperature on gases in
solution (increased pressure causes more gas to
dissolve, increased temperature decreases the
amount of dissolved gas).
Student mentions
the parameters
but does not
discuss them
thoroughly.
Student mentions
the parameters
but does not
discuss them at
all.
Student mentions
one of the
parameters but
does not discuss it
at all.
Student neither
mentions nor
discusses the
parameters
affecting gases in
solution.
Explain how nitrogen
behaves when a
scuba diver dives to
great depths, and the
consequences this
can cause.
Student discusses how nitrogen dissolves in blood
and tissues with increased pressure at depths, and
how nitrogen forms bubbles in blood and tissue
when the diver ascends and pressure decreases.
Student explains decompression sickness, nitrogen,
narcosis, and high-pressure nervous syndrome.
Student discusses
75% of the topics.
Student discusses
50% of the topics.
Student discusses
25% of the topics.
Student
discusses fewer
than 25% of the
topics or none at
all.
Explain various
solutions to the
problems caused by
nitrogen gas in
solution at depths.
Student explains how decompression stops allow
nitrogen to come out of solution slowly without
forming bubbles. Student also explains principles of
saturation diving and how it can allow divers to
remain at great depths for extended periods.
Student discusses
75% of the topics.
Student discusses
50% of the topics.
Student discusses
25% of the topics.
Student
discusses fewer
than 25% of the
topics or none at
all.
Explain what liquid
breathing is and how
it works.
Student has written a thorough description of liquid
breathing and how the technique works.
Student discusses
75% of the topics.
Student discusses
50% of the topics.
Student discusses
25% of the topics.
Student
discusses fewer
than 25% of the
topics or none at
all.
© 2009 K12 Inc. All rights reserved.
Copying or distributing without K12’s written consent is prohibited.
Page 1 of 2
Graded Assignment
SCI304B: Honors Chemistry | Unit 10 | Lesson 1: Liquid Breathing
Criteria
15 Points
12–14 Points
8–11 Points
4–7 Points
1–3 Points
Discuss the progress
of liquid breathing
technology. (Is it real
or science fiction?)
Discuss the potential
applications in
medicine (give
specific examples).
Student discusses that liquid breathing or partial
liquid ventilation is a real technique. Student
provides examples of the use of liquid breathing in
medicine with examples such as premature infants
and patients with respiratory problems.
Student discusses
75% of the topics.
Student discusses
50% of the topics.
Student discusses
25% of the topics.
Student
discusses fewer
than 25% of the
topics or none at
all.
Discuss the potential
applications of liquid
breathing in scuba
diving. (Is it real or
science fiction?) How
might it solve current
problems? What are
its disadvantages?
Student discusses that liquid breathing in diving is
still experimental and may discuss some of the
experimental studies to show progress. Student may
mention that the scene from The Abyss with the
liquid-breathing rat was real, but that human divers
have not used this technology. Student should
discuss how this technology will solve the problems
of decompression sickness and nitrogen-associated
problems. Student should discuss the disadvantages
of liquid breathing, such as the increased work
needed by the respiratory muscles to inhale and
exhale the dense, viscous, perfluorocarbon fluid.
Student may mention that mechanically assisted
ventilation like that used with respiratory patients
might help solve the problem of increased work of
breathing.
Student discusses
75% of the topics.
Student discusses
50% of the topics.
Student discusses
25% of the topics.
Student
discusses fewer
than 25% of the
topics or none at
all.
© 2009 K12 Inc. All rights reserved.
Copying or distributing without K12’s written consent is prohibited.
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