(SSTH 037 059) This evaluation will cover the lessons in this unit. It is open book, meaning you can use your textbook, syllabus, and other course materials. You will need to understand, analyze, and apply the information you have learned in order to answer the questions correctly. To submit the evaluation, follow the directions provided. Multiple-Choice Select the response that best completes the statement or answers the question.
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Unit 1 Evaluation
Evaluation 1
American Government 1: Theories, Policies and Politics
(SSTH 037 059)
This evaluation will cover the lessons in this unit. It is open book, meaning you can use your
textbook, syllabus, and other course materials. You will need to understand, analyze, and apply the
information you have learned in order to answer the questions correctly. To submit the evaluation,
follow the directions provided.
Multiple-Choice
Select the response that best completes the statement or answers the question.
_____
1. The institution though which society makes and enforces public policies is
a.
b.
c.
d.
_____
the government.
the Constitution.
democracy.
the executive branch.
2. A __________ can be defined as a body of people, living in a defined territory,
organized politically, and with the power to make and enforce laws without the consent
of a higher authority.
a.
b.
c.
d.
_____
3. The power to make laws and public policies is the
a.
b.
c.
d.
_____
Senate
House of Representatives
state
government
4.
The power to execute, enforce, and administer laws is the
a.
b.
c.
d.
Unit 1 Evaluation
legislative power.
executive power.
judicial power.
constitutional power.
constitutional power.
executive power.
judicial power.
legislative power.
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_____
5. The power to interpret laws, determine their meaning, and settle disputes that arise
within society is the
a.
b.
c.
d.
_____
executive power.
legislative power.
constitutional power.
judicial power.
6. ____________ is the process by which a society decides how power and resources
will be distributed.
a.
b.
c.
d.
_____
7.
To provide justice, said __________, is the “most sacred of the duties of government.”
a.
b.
c.
d.
_____
Martin Luther King, Jr.
George Washington
Thomas Jefferson
Theodore Roosevelt
8. A __________ is ruled by a single person or a small group of people.
a.
b.
c.
d.
_____
Government
Voting
Politics
Power
democracy
unitary government
local government
dictatorship
9. Which of the following is a purpose of the United States Government?
a.
b.
c.
d.
providing equal distribution of wealth
making and enforcing all policies
promoting the general welfare
suppressing political parties
_____ 10. __________defined democracy as a “government of the people, by the people, and for
the people”?
a.
b.
c.
d.
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George Washington
Thomas Jefferson
Abraham Lincoln
Alexander Hamilton
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_____ 11. A government in which a single person holds unlimited political power is called a(n)
a.
b.
c.
d.
democracy.
autocracy.
anarchy.
republic.
_____ 12. A(n) __________ government is one in which powers are divided among a central
government and regional governments.
a.
b.
c.
d.
confederation
unitary
parliamentary
federal
_____ 13. A(n) __________ is an alliance of independent states.
a.
b.
c.
d.
confederation
oligarchy
autocracy
federal government
_____ 14. In a(n) __________ government, a central government creates local units for its
convenience.
a.
b.
c.
d.
confederation
unitary
presidential
federal
_____ 15. In a(n) __________ government, the executive is made up of the prime minister, or
premier, and that official’s cabinet.
a.
b.
c.
d.
confederation
unitary
parliamentary
federal
_____ 16. The democratic concept of equality refers to
a.
b.
c.
d.
Unit 1 Evaluation
equality of opportunity and equality before the law.
equality of condition.
equal representation of regional areas in Congress.
equal powers among each branch of government.
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_____ 17. The free enterprise system is often called __________, and it is also known as the
private enterprise system.
a.
b.
c.
d.
communism
capitalism
federalism
parliamentarianism
_____ 18. Why can the idea of simple majority rule become dangerous?
a.
b.
c.
d.
tyranny of the majority
increased government spending
fewer people paying taxes
loss of representation for local governments
_____ 19. The process of blending and adjusting competing views and interests is
a.
b.
c.
d.
free enterprise.
arbitrary.
canton.
compromise.
_____ 20. When referring to the responsibility of individual freedom, who said, “The rights of
every man are diminished when the rights of one man are threatened”?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Oliver Wendell Holmes
John F. Kennedy
Abraham Lincoln
Theodore Roosevelt
_____ 21. Voting, volunteering, participating in civic life, and understanding the workings of
government are all
a.
b.
c.
d.
rights of citizens.
duties of citizens.
responsibilities of citizens.
freedoms of citizens.
_____ 22. Government’s role in the free market economy serves a two-fold purpose:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Unit 1 Evaluation
to protect the public and preserve private enterprise.
to protect businesses and raise taxes.
to create a taxation system and have zoning ordinances.
to decide on what should be produced and how it should be produced.
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_____ 23. The __________ was the first document to establish that government is not above the
law.
a.
b.
c.
d.
Constitution
Bill of Rights
Magna Carta
Declaration of Independence
_____ 24. The __________ included such guarantees as the right to a fair trial, freedom from
excessive bail and from cruel and unusual punishment, and the right of the subjects to
petition the king.
a.
b.
c.
d.
Magna Carta
English Bill of Rights
Petition of Rights
Proprietary Charter
_____ 25. A __________ is a written grant of authority from the king.
a.
b.
c.
d.
charter
venture
levy
unicameral
_____ 26. William Penn acquired Pennsylvania and Delaware as __________ colonies.
a.
b.
c.
d.
royal
charter
venture
proprietary
_____ 27. In 1643, a number of colonies formed the New England __________, a “league of
friendship” for defense against Native American tribes.
a.
b.
c.
d.
free enterprise
confederation
charter
unicameral
_____ 28. The Albany Plan of Union ignored which of the following issues?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Unit 1 Evaluation
regulating trade
establishing voter rights
approving and collecting taxes
raising military forces
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_____ 29. __________ is the idea that a government can only exist if it has the consent of those
it governs.
a.
b.
c.
d.
Autocracy
Popular sovereignty
Oligarchy
Federalism
_____ 30. According to the social contract theory, governments derive their powers from
a.
b.
c.
d.
the free market.
local governments.
the people.
written law codes.
_____ 31. The main author of the Declaration of Independence was
a.
b.
c.
d.
John Adams.
George Washington.
Thomas Jefferson.
Benjamin Franklin.
_____ 32. The __________ established “a firm league of friendship” among the American states.
a.
b.
c.
d.
Articles of Confederation
Bill of Rights
Preamble to the Constitution
First Continental Congress
_____ 33. Under the Articles of Confederation, the United States Government could
a.
b.
c.
d.
require payment of taxes.
raise an army by drafting eligible citizens.
pass laws to end discrimination within the states.
make treaties.
_____ 34. The Virginia Plan called for
a.
b.
c.
d.
a single branch of government.
a Congress, a National Executive, and a National Judiciary.
legislative, executive, and unicameral branches of government.
a federal executive of more than one person.
_____ 35. Under the __________, it was agreed that Congress should be composed of two
houses.
a.
b.
c.
d.
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New Jersey Plan
Connecticut Compromise
Albany Plan
Three-fifths Compromise
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_____ 36. The __________ were the delegates to the Philadelphia Convention of 1787 that
created the Constitution.
a.
b.
c.
d.
Framers
Members of Parliament
Senators
Members of Congress
_____ 37. Which political philosopher stressed the need of government to protect society from the
“war of every man against every man”?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Thomas Hobbes
Thomas Paine
John Locke
Thomas Jefferson
_____ 38. The __________ were well-known Revolutionary War figures who opposed the
Constitution.
a.
b.
c.
d.
Federalists
Framers
Anti-Federalists
Sons of Liberty
_____ 39. The __________ believed that the Constitution should be ratified because of the
weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation.
a.
b.
c.
d.
Federalists
Framers
Anti-Federalists
Barons of Runnymede
_____ 40. Under the Articles of Confederation, the “president”
a.
b.
c.
d.
was an executive.
preformed a judicial function.
acted as prime minister.
presided over Congress.
_____ 41. During the 1780s, there were many problems, including bickering amongst the states,
states printing their own money, public debts not being repaid, etc. This time period is
referred to as the __________ in American History.
a.
b.
c.
d.
Unit 1 Evaluation
Ratification Era
Critical Period
Albany Plan
Revolutionary War
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_____ 42. The King of England who began to deal with the American colonies more firmly in the
1760s was
a.
b.
c.
d.
George III.
John I.
William of Orange.
James II.
_____ 43. The Declaration of Independence was signed by the __________ on July 4, 1776.
a. Framers
b. Albany Convention
c. 1st Continental Congress
d. 2nd Continental Congress
_____ 44. Common features of all of the state constitutions that were drafted in the 1770s
included
a.
b.
c.
d.
popular sovereignty.
free enterprise system.
unicameral legislatures.
strong executive branches.
_____ 45. The Declaration of Independence stated that there are certain __________ rights, and
among them are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
a.
b.
c.
d.
tyrannical
representative
arbitrary
unalienable
_____ 46. One of the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation was
a.
b.
c.
d.
only one vote for each state regardless of size.
approval of all thirteen states was required to pass laws.
no legislative branch.
no form of ratification.
_____ 47. These two delegates to the Annapolis Convention in 1786 persuaded the
representatives to call for another meeting of the states in 1787.
a.
b.
c.
d.
Unit 1 Evaluation
George Washington and Thomas Jefferson
James Madison and Alexander Hamilton
Benjamin Franklin and Samuel Adams
John Adams and Thomas Jefferson
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_____ 48. The meeting that was held in Philadelphia in 1787 became known as
a.
b.
c.
d.
the Constitutional Convention.
the Second Continental Congress.
the Mount Vernon Virginal Assembly.
the Joint Assembly.
_____ 49. The Three-Fifths Compromise was in regard to
a.
b.
c.
d.
counting states for representation in the Senate.
counting slaves for representation and taxation.
the agreement to allow the slave trade to continue for twenty years.
the agreement to have a single executive selected by Congress.
_____ 50. George Washington was selected to be the first President of the United States with
a(n) __________ vote.
a.
b.
c.
d.
inaugural
quorum
unanimous
amended
Carefully check your answers on this evaluation and make any corrections you feel are
necessary. When you are satisfied that you have answered the questions to the best of your
ability, transfer your answers to an answer sheet. Please refer to the information sheet that
came with your course materials.
Unit 1 Evaluation
SSTH 037

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